Tooth Extraction and Wisdom Tooth
Tooth extraction is the removal of teeth and is done when:
- the tooth is severely decayed
- there is advanced periodontal disease (“gum disease”)
- the tooth may be broken such that it cannot be repaired
- other teeth may need removal because they are poorly positioned in the mouth (such as impacted wisdom teeth)
- preparation for braces may need teeth extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place.
Normal teeth extraction is a simple process and is normally completed in one visit. After tooth is removed, the gums is usually left to heal before the gap is replaced by dental implants or dental bridge or dentures in preventing predispose teeth in the long term.
Wisdom teeth are third molars. Normally people have three permanent molars that develop in each quadrant of the mouth. The third molars usually will try to grow in at around age 18 to 20 years. Surgical removal of impacted wisdom tooth is the removal of impacted third molars. Many dentists thus recommend the removal of impacted wisdom teeth to prevent potential problems.
Effects of Impacted Wisdom Teeth
- bacteria and plaque build-up
- decay of adjacent teeth
- formation of cysts (a fluid- filled sac) or tumors from follicle
- tumor development
- jaw and gum disease