Root Canal Treatment
When is Root Canal Treatment needed
Root canal treatment is process to remove the pulp tissues from the tooth in case that it gets damage from infection or inflammation. The pulp can be infected or inflamed due to either deep decay or an extensive restoration that involves the pulp , cracked or fractured tooth due to trauma , excessive wear of enamel and dentine exposing the pulp and sometimes as a result of severe gum disease.
Advantages of Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment saves teeth that would otherwise have been extracted. A root-canal-treated tooth can function normally and can be maintained with routine dental care and oral hygiene measures.
What is Root Canal Treatment
- Removal of the infected or inflamed pulp is the first step in saving the tooth. Under local anesthetic, an opening is made in the crown of the tooth to get access to the infected or inflamed pulp within.
- Using small, specially designed hard or rotary files, the root canals are cleaned and shaped to a form that can be sealed. Debris with the canal is removed by flushing with an anti-bacterial solution.
- The canals are finally filled or sealed with an inert material called gutta-percha. The tooth should be restored to full shape and function by either a permanent filling or a crown.
All root canal treatment procedures are done by isolating the tooth with a rubber dam to provide a clean and saliva-free environment. Root canal treatment may be done in single or multiple visits depending on tooth complexity.